Language and Communication: The Man Who Mistook His Wife For A Hat by Oliver Sacks


Language is a way of communication, that is either written or spoken and consists of the use of words in conventional or structured ways. Structured convention involves the use of symbols which are arranged in particular means for purposes of conveying meaning. Language can either be natural or artificial. The native language is established by human cultures while the fake expression is created by small teams or individuals (Beattie & Ellis, 2017). The target example has failed to use the concept of language and communication to discuss the issue of transport properly.

In the target example, Sacks needed to use language and communication to guide the audience to understand the major ideas of the various concepts of the disorders of neurology. The author has organized the stories into four parts for easier communication with the audience. As a way of communicating with the audience, the author describes incidental moments of all the patients in all stories. The approach is considered to be not only engaging but also empowering. As readers, the author introduces a language to the readers that makes sense to them throughout the piece about natural science (Cappellin, 2015). The word used in the books makes it easy for readers to understand the manner in which the brain works.

The information provided in the target example as far as natural science is concerned can be beneficial to general readers who are not used to psychology and Neurology issues. Sacks utilize a public as well as engaging language that assists the broad audience in comprehending the discussed stories. The language enables the audience with postscripts that define the historical backgrounds or advanced studies and unique codes in the Neurology discipline (Cappellini, 2015). The style and communication in the various stories enable the readers to involve the worlds of the patients hence promoting understanding.

Unfortunately, the introductory part of the book may be confusing to the average readers. In the opening part, the author mentions Aphemia, Aphonia and other neurological words for the first time (Cappellini, 2015).Even though the terms are part of the neurological language, average readers who do not have the neurological background are likely to remain in the dark or not to understand the point being driven home at all. The author needs to use the characteristics of excellent communication and language to describe each of the terms he introduces so that no audience is left behind. The book uses its stories to bring the words to the language that the readers can easily understand. As part of effective communication, the complicated novels such as The Vision Hildegard begins by the explanation of the neurological disorder that has the complicated language which could confuse or trouble the readers have been discussed before the actual content of the book. Proper style and communication strategy assist in relaying the intended information to the audience. Readers may switch off their minds right from the introductory part of the target example if the discussed information does not express the appropriate and inclusive kind of language. As long as the word used does not fit the needs of the readers, communication is interfered with hence hindering the intended purpose of the author (Beattie & Ellis, 2017).

As discussed in class, language is one of the characteristics which differentiate humans from animals. The difference comes in due to the different structure of the human vocals. In target example, the author uses written language structure to reach out to his audience (Cappellini, 2015). Just like the spoken language, the written word is effective in conveying the intended messages. However, it is essential that the author addresses the issues that may hinder communication as far as the language used is concerned. The human language and communication happen to be unique phenomena and with no significant analogs in the world of animals. It is not worth supposing that existing gaps between the word and the information being communicated in the target example are bridgeable. As such, it is wise for the author of the book to use a functional language particularly at the points where the content concerns issues that are profoundly neurological. The only way for average readers to understand the information being communicated is through use of simple language that is not only attractive but also understandable to all (Beattie & Ellis, 2017).

As far as the content is concerned, the author provides stories about the neurological disorders of the patients that he treats. The material offers essential communication to psychologists, neurologists, and the general readers. For purposes of enhancing proper notification, the patients are organized into four different parts. The similar patterns of the behavior of patients, as well as psychology, assist in understanding the dysfunction concept of the human brain (Cappellini, 2015). Additionally, communication can be achieved using other means. The different methods could be considered as a language since they are understandable to the general readers (Beattie & Ellis, 2017). Sacks describe the significance of music for the brains of humans. Music can be treated as a form of language which is understandable to a particular group of people.

Language and communication form the basis of the association amongst people in the society. When language used in a particular context is not useful, communication is hindered, and people fail to learn from one another or the intended information being passed (Beattie & Ellis, 2017). The target example has tried to make communication as efficient as possible. However, there are aspects where the book fails to employ some of the essential characteristics of effective communication. For purposes of enhancing proper communication with all readers regardless of their background about neurology, it is necessary to provide a detailed explanation of the terms involved in the content so that the language becomes appealing to the average readers (Cappellini, 2015). Additionally, the various language structures could be used where necessary in the target example to make the communication process as simple as possible.

On the side of readers, it is essential to use logics to understand the information being passed by the target example. For instance, some terms may be new to the readers of the book. If the words are not explained, then the readers should use logics to link the information provided by the terms hence establish meanings. The logic can be primarily described as a normative, formal and symbolic way of reasoning. Readers are required to have the reasoning skills to develop the intended meanings of information being passed. The logics may be limited to semantics but can still apply to all communication issues (Beattie & Ellis, 2017).

Systems of measurements

The two measurement systems, metric, and US, can be both used for converting units. Though, the metric system is simpler and much preferred than the US system. This is because it is the standardized system used globally and is approved by the international systems of units. Logically, it is easy to compute with a metric system(“Metric Versus U.S. Units”). That is, a conversion can be achieved by dividing or multiplying by a fraction of 10.   Additionally, one unit of measure comprises of one type of measurement.

For example, if we were to convert 7,865 Hectoliters (Hl) to liters then to milliliters. This is how we would go about it: 1hectolitre is equal to 100 liters. Then we ask ourselves, how many Liters are there in 7865 Hectoliters? Hence, we multiply 7,865 by 100 to give us 786,500litres. 1 liter is equivalent to 1000ml. therefore 786500 Multiply by 1000 amounts to 786,500,000 ml.

Take the example of a milk processing company. The company produces 7,865 Hectoliters of milk daily. This includes the milk they receive from farmers and that which they produce from their own firm.  In order to distribute the milk to the market, the company needs to pack the milk in small proportions of 500ml, 1litre, 2liters, and 5liters sachets. This means that the company(“Metric Versus U.S. Units”). If the company was to pack the sachets in equal proportions, then this is how they would calculate:

To achieve this, we need to convert all units to milliliters: 500ml: 1000ml: 2000ml: 5000ml: we divide 786,500,000ml by the total number of proportions [4] to milk in each. So, each proportion will be represented by 196,625,000ml of milk. Then we divide each proportion by the total amount represented by the proportion. This amount to 500ml sachets will have 393,250packs, 1liter sachets will have 196,625packs, 2liters sachets will have 98,312packs and 5liters sachets will be in 39,325 packs.

In order to compute the area of an L-shaped rectangular shed with the dimensions of 8feet wide and 4 feet high, we multiply the measurements of both sides. This is because the area of a rectangle is calculated by multiplying the length by width. 8feet multiplied by 4feet is equal to 32feet squared [ft2]. The price of ‘Engineered European Maple Salzburg 3- 8” wide’ is $5.44. 1 foot is equal to 12 inches(“Get Discount Flooring Up To 70% Off At Ifloor.Com Ifloor.Com”). Therefore, 32square feet are equivalent to 4,608 square inches. As a result, we require we require 576 pieces of flooring to get the work done. Thus the total cost will be $3,133.44.


How to write a business Essay that will earn you top Grades

If you are hoping to find out how to craft an essay in the disciplines such as marketing, finance, management or business technology, many guidelines can assist you to develop an essay that is coherent, credible and perceptive.

The most important thing to consider is how you want to write your business technology essay that provides relevant content and whose arguments are well supported by facts, research, and relevant illustrations.

Other equally beneficial things to consider include the design, management, and the language you will use. The easiest way to write a winning essay is to break it down into sections so that the task of writing won’t seem like an uphill climb. Before you begin writing your essay, you need to:

Examine the Essay Prompt

Begin by deciding what the topic of your paper is asking from you. Look at the wording of the prompt to find out which approach best suits writing about the essay in question. The most common wording for a business technology essay prompt includes discussing, illustrate, interpret, compare and review.

Other examples could include “observe how the internet has impacted the marketing mix of an organization.” Such a question requires you to take on an exhaustive approach to discussing the issues that might crop up while you are researching your paper.

Find relevant material for business Technology essay

High quality and intensive research are needed if you wish to make arguments that adequately support your claims. The best way to get good research material is to source it from content that is well reputed, peer-reviewed or academic materials. Most of the materials you will find online contain case studies on the subject you are writing about. Your sources may include any from journals through to research papers on your subject of interest.

Researching to find relevant material to support your paper is not easy. This is why most students shy away from writing research papers, even on subjects they are passionate about. Well, do not let that come in the way of you producing a great paper. Never shy away from going deep in your research and you will have a great paper at your hands.

Create an Outline

Develop an outline for your paper. This is important because it enables you to get organized so that your ideas and supportive sentences are connected together into one seamless essay. Write down all the key ideas you wish to expound upon in the essay so that you can write a good introduction, body, and conclusion. That way, you will be able to digest and analyze the information you collected in your research process.

How to Write your Business Technology essay

Compose your first draft based on the outline you made for your business technology essay. Try to use clear, constructive, precise business jargon when you are discussing your points. However, try to stay away from complex jargon. Begin with a preface or a summary of how you understand the essay and how you will proceed to answer it.

Go to the background of the essay and provide your reader with some background information regarding the topic you are writing on or you could simply give some speculation about a topic that common in case it is a case study.

The next step is to talk about findings from your research process. Remember that you should reference your citations within this section based on the formatting style you chose. Use quotes where you want to use words as they appear in your reference text.

If you have to summarize information from your sources, provide citations at the end of the summary. The number of references you will need will depend on the length of your essay. Nevertheless, do not use more than 10 references if your word count does not exceed 1000 words.

Provide a conclusion at the end of your essay. Be sure that you do so logically by assembling the main ideas you discussed in the body of your essay. Also, be sure to state your own point of view so that the end of your essay answers any question you presented in the preface.

List your sources under the bibliography section of your essay. Arrange your references based on the rules of the formatting style you chose to use. Also, provide an appendix where you will list the supportive content such as charts, texts or graphs that you used to explain your arguments.

The last step, as always, is to proofread your work and find out if you made any error. You can do it on your own, use online tools or ask someone to have an expert eye on your paper.

Theme of Oppression

The theme of oppression has been the significant concentration for the two authors: Hughes and Eliot. In some papers and other pieces of work, they have discussed this theme in totality and placed so much concentration in it to the extent that it has been the sign of identity to all of them. They have described and shown it in some ways as well; a pure show that they were passionate about educating people on this and also telling people that the act of oppression is not on end at all. It is also very clear from all their pieces of work that oppression is a traditional act that has lived amongst the people and keeps on breeding amongst the same people as well. It is true to say that Hughes and Eliot have concentrated and articulated the theme of oppression to the best of their knowledge.

Langston Hughes has shown this first in “Harlem” where it has stood out the extremes that oppression can lead people. The oppression that is talked about here is just through the use of authority or the application of power (Hughes, Pp. 1-4). In any case, where one can identify oppression, it also stands out obvious that leadership and an aspect of authority is always key leading to this heinous act as such. This is a poem in which the narrator can describe a black girl who had a dream but again the dream kept on disappearing from her. She did not have sufficient freedom, and factually she always keeps the dream alive of having her freedom go through as such. This author here is also hiding from oppression by hiding in the attic; this has been showcased by the author through the utmost use of personification and symbolism. The wall here in the poem is also shown symbolically as something which is blocking her dream; something that is impeding what she wants in life from happening (Hughes, Pp. 4-7). It is not an easy part for all them, but again she has to cope by her internal drives which push her to try and pursue this dream in as much as each time she keeps on hitting the wall. It is very true for any sane person to agree to the fact that oppression is like a wall that impedes on someone’s dream; a dream that one would like to pursue but again her interests are not being met completely. This is a wall that blocks anything that she would like to pursue and leaves her with no personal opinions about her dreams as such.

T.S Eliot is also another author who has for some times faced criticism for his constant misogynistic treatment of ladies through his poetry. There are also a few who have been able to consider the role that he portrays women in supporting his poetic themes. The narrative that is played at “The love song of J. Alfred Prufrock” indicates pure dominance by women; this is done both contemporarily and mythically; they have been able to illustrate the brutal relationship that exists between the two sides of gender in our society (Eliot, Pp. 1-3). The said an intensely personal relationship is considered to be the same analogy just as the relation of the individual and the society; just as any other individual, women must also be able to decide to either speak in support of or against their oppressors or rather just keep silent or accept their circumstances. In this case, one must be able to understand the fact when they feel that they are much oppressed, they need to ensure that they stand up for themselves and not wait for someone to do it for them. One should not wait for someone else to do it for them but rather show their bravery by ensuring that they work so hard to the best of their knowledge to kick out any form of oppression that might be taking place as such. They should either stand up or keep quiet and stop complaining; there is no need for one to keep on complaining yet they do not stand up for the best that they think of (Eliot, Pp. 4-5). Either option will again place the women at risk of more advanced subjugation; this way the scenography of this whole poems already acts as sufficient backdrop to a form of a crippled social world that is well populated by individuals who are trying to see their voice being heard.

Oppression by Hughes is another serious poem that also looks to this thematic expression. In this poem, the party narrates not only a poem but also a lyric that has no character in it. The title of this same poem also offers an atmosphere that is intense already. The first stanza even in itself already places the idea of oppression in the right context where we see that people are in a position where there are no dreams which are not available and also no songs that are also available to the singers as well. He believes that if the world were free from oppression, then people would sing freely and dream freely, but again it is as a result of continuous oppression that the same people cannot do this but only when the oppressor unties the knots as such.

Oral and Written Communication

A presentation can achieve a number of things that a written communication cannot accomplish. A presentation draws the audience and the speaker together, in terms of ideas and individual personalities, mostly in meetings, lectures, and seminars. Through the process of direct communication, the audience gets to respect the speaker for her or his ideas and the knowledge that he or she has about a certain subject (Alberts, Nakayama, & Martin, 2015).

A presentation manages to reach the hearts of the audience (Alberts et al., 2015). This is because it mainly incorporates aspects of art such as short speeches, dramatizing, and singing. For example, in a presentation that is organized for ill people or people who are dying of hunger, well-wisher may be touched to offer donations to buy medical equipment, medicines, and food by just singing about poverty and hunger.

A presentation is able to create a picture in the minds of the audience (Alberts et al., 2015). It often incorporates non-verbal communication. Whenever a speaker is stressing on a certain point, he or she makes use of gestures, such as hand movements. This non-verbal communication helps the audience to understand the context more through the creation of a mental picture.

Through a presentation, the audience can easily probe the speaker to clarify certain points. The public at the presentation consists of not only literate, but also illiterate people. The illiterate audience requires special attention such as further interpretation so that they can understand the message. Therefore, a presentation gives them that chance.

Written communication has many disadvantages compared to a presentation. It is more time-consuming than the oral presentation, and also is harder to understand sometimes (Alberts et al., 2015). Written communication costs more time for both the writer and the reader. It takes less time for a speaker to prepare the presentation and present it. In addition, the content of a presentation is summarized, hence a listener only needs less time to understand the idea compared to written information. Moreover, during a presentation, a person who doesn’t understand the content can easily probe for further explanation. On the other hand, written communication does not make sense for an illiterate person unless there is someone else to explain the content.

Written communication is also more expensive compared to oral presentation (Alberts et al., 2015). It requires a great deal of resources such as a pen, ink, paper, computers, printers, and typewriters. A lot of people may be required to prepare written assignments, and these aforementioned materials needed to do it can make written communication more expensive. This distinguishes it from the oral communication, where a presenter only needs material for and a little time for preparation.

There are certain things that I can learn as a speaker. Firstly, I should make use of non-verbal communication more often. It makes it easier for the audience to understand the idea. Apart from that, it makes my presentation more interesting, in such a way that the audience gets neither bored nor sleepy. Secondly, I should always give my audience a chance to comment, and also probe further on unclear points. Feedback from the audience offers a platform for the improvement of future presentations. They can also be used to gauge the level to which the public has understood the material. Giving the people a chance for probing further helps them to understand difficult points.


SLAM Magazine

What magazine did you buy and why?

I bought SLAM magazine. I prompted to buy this magazine because it keeps me updated on diverse matters concerning basketball. I get to read about the NBA, know the current scores of various teams and stay up to date with current news circulating in the realm of basketball. It contains gripping and bright photos of my favorite players making amazing basket scores. It also contains the latest trending advertisement of quality brands such as Nike and Jordan’s sportswear. It also provides a reader with statistical data.

What is the purpose of the magazine and what values does it promote?

The purpose of the magazine is to disseminate news relating to basketball globally and to promote basketball sport and culture. It informs those who are interested in basketball on the most important details, concerning namely different players who have moved to new teams or the lineup for major league teams. It acts as an advertising platform as well.

Who is the magazine target audience (demographics and psychographics)?

The target audience of SLAM magazine is basketball fans (with more than 90% of them being players as well). The major audience ranges from 16 to 30 years old. The magazine expands its audience by using an online platform via their website It is informative and, above all, contains news on everything related to basketball. It has over 500,000 unique users and approximately over 4 million page views per one month. Statistics shows it has a circulation of 150,000 and the readership clocks about 900,000 with 6 readers per copy. Slam magazine is male-dominated with male readership.

What percentage of the magazine is dedicated to advertising?

The magazine dedicates a large fraction to advertising since various shoe brands like Nike and Jordan advertise on a regular basis. Other organizations such as cloth-line brands also advertise there.

How much does it cost to place a full page ad?

Advertisement in SLAM costs about $15,580 per display for the advert to appear on a full page once, $14,600 to appear four times, $13,700 to appear eight times and $12,920 to be featured twelve times. The charges also vary according to the page size and the size of the advertisement: there are many options like a spread, a full page, two thirds of a page, half a page and a third of a page. The charges also vary to when it comes to being featured on the cover page.

Would you buy this magazine again? Why or why not?

Yes, I would certainly buy this magazine again, because it is very entertaining and informative. It is what is considered a quality media, and I like the way the magazine is organized and the information is presented.